To foretell the destiny of a nation, it is necessary to open the books that tell of her past. — Jose Rizal’s introduction to his annotated A Sucesos de Las Islas Filipinas written by Antonio de Morga (via bookmania)
Freedom Declarations that Influenced Ours
- American Declaration of Independence (1776): “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness. That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.”
- French Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (1789): "The aim of all political association is the preservation of the natural and imprescriptible rights of man. These rights are liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression. The principle of all sovereignty resides essentially in the nation. No body nor individual may exercise any authority which does not proceed directly from the nation."
- Spanish Constitution of Cadiz (1812): “The Spanish nation is free and independent and it is not and cannot be the patrimony of any family or person… The purpose of the Government is the happiness of the nation, since the aim of any political society is none other than the well-being of its individuals.”
- The La Liga Filipina Constitution (1892): "Purpose: To unite the whole archipelago into one compact, vigorous, and homogeneous body. Mutual protection in every want and necessity. Defense against all violence and injustice. Encouragement of instruction, agriculture, and commerce. Study and application of reforms."
- The Katipunan Charter (1892?): "A man’s worth does not come from him being a king, or in the height of his nose and the whiteness of his face, or in him being a priest, a REPRESENTATIVE OF GOD, or in his exalted position on the face of this earth. Pure and truly noble is he who, though born in the forest and able to speak only his own tongue, behaves decently, is true to his word, has dignity and honor, who is not an oppressor and does not abet oppressors, who knows how to cherish and look after the land of his birth. When these doctrines have spread and the brilliant sun of beloved liberty shines on these poor Islands, and sheds its sweet light upon a united race, a people in everlasting happiness, then the lives lost, the struggle and the suffering will have been more than recompensed."
- Malolos Constitution (1899): "We, the Representatives of the Filipino people, lawfully convened, in order to establish justice, provide for common defense, promote the general welfare, and insure the benefits of liberty, implore the aid of the Sovereign Legislator of the Universe for the attainment of these ends...The political association of all the Filipinos constitutes a Nation, whose state shall be known as the Philippine Republic…Sovereignty resides exclusively in the people."
- Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines (1987): "The Philippines is a democratic and republican State. Sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority emanates from them...The maintenance of peace and order, the protection of life, liberty, and property, and promotion of the general welfare are essential for the enjoyment by all the people of the blessings of democracy."
- Notice the underlying goal of every Freedom Declaration leading to ours: HAPPINESS.
I’ve learned that people will forget what you said, people will forget what you did, but people will never forget how you made them feel. — Maya Angelou [April 4, 1928 - May 28, 2014] (via a-thousand-words)